Spain has the some of the strictest drone laws in the world. Though the standard considerations for drone flight are still upheld, you may see yourself getting a hefty fine (€225,000) for any breach of the following restrictions:
- It is prohibited to fly drones in urban areas and crowds of people, which include beaches, concerts, parks, demonstrations, processions, etc.
- You cannot fly drones at night
- It is forbidden to fly drones near airports, airfields and other controlled airspace and endanger others
- You must fly the drone within the visual range of the pilot, at a distance of no more than 500 m and at a height no more than 400 feet above the ground
With commercial use being regulated being restricted to:
- Research and development activities
- Air, pesticides and other treatments involving spreading substances in the soil or the atmosphere, including product launch activities for firefighting
- Aerial surveys
- Observation and aerial surveillance activities including filming and monitoring of forest fires
- Aerial advertising, radio and TV
- Emergency operations, search and rescue
- Other special works not included in the above list
For the use of a drone for recreational use, no authorization from the AESA is needed. You still have to follow the basic guidelines for flying which are:
- Before using a drone, it must always be visible and must not exceed 120 meters high.
- While it is not necessary to be a pilot, you should be able to fly with some confidence
The same restrictions applicable to commercial flying drones are applicable to recreational drones:
- You cannot fly in urban areas or crowds of people
- You cannot fly at night
It is forbidden to fly drones near airports or airfields as well as flying drones in areas where other flights are operating at a low altitude and endangering others.